Postfix DSN Support


Postfix version 2.3 introduces support for Delivery Status Notifications as described in RFC 3464. This gives senders control over successful and failed delivery notifications.

Specifically, DSN support gives an email sender the ability to specify:

The implementation of DSN support involves extra parameters to the SMTP MAIL FROM and RCPT TO commands, as well as two Postfix sendmail command line options that provide a sub-set of the functions of the extra SMTP command parameters.

This document has information on the following topics:

Restricting the scope of "success" notifications

Just like reports of undeliverable mail, DSN reports of successful delivery can give away more information about the internal infrastructure than desirable. Unfortunately, disallowing "success" notification requests requires disallowing other DSN requests as well. The RFCs do not offer the option to negotiate feature subsets.

This is not as bad as it sounds. When you turn off DSN for remote inbound mail, remote senders with DSN support will still be informed that their mail reached your Postfix gateway successfully; they just will not get successful delivery notices from your internal systems. Remote senders lose very little: they can no longer specify how Postfix should report delayed or failed delivery.

Use the smtpd_discard_ehlo_keyword_address_maps feature if you wish to allow DSN requests from trusted clients but not from random strangers (see below for how to turn this off for all clients):

    smtpd_discard_ehlo_keyword_address_maps = 

    # Allow DSN requests from local subnet only      silent-discard           silent-discard, dsn
    ::/0                silent-discard, dsn

If you want to disallow all use of DSN requests from the network, use the smtpd_discard_ehlo_keywords feature:

    smtpd_discard_ehlo_keywords = silent-discard, dsn

Postfix sendmail command-line interface

Postfix has two Sendmail-compatible command-line options for DSN support.

Postfix VERP support compatibility

With Postfix versions before 2.3, the sendmail(1) command uses the -V command-line option to request VERP-style delivery. In order to request VERP style delivery with Postfix 2.3 and later, you must specify -XV instead of -V.

The Postfix 2.3 sendmail(1) command will recognize if you try to use -V for VERP-style delivery. It will do the right thing and will remind you of the new syntax.